Mobile Satellite Communications: An Enabling Technology

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Sometimes, you just can”t get a good cel phone signal. Satellite technology offers opportunities to save lives and improve communication for those that work deep in the woods.

Two loggers are in the forest, felling trees. One leaves to haul logs to the landing. The other begins working on the next tree. As it falls, it hits a dead tree, causing a limb to break. The feller is hit by the falling limb.
When his co-worker returns to the site, he finds the victim. He checks for vital signs and determines the other logger is alive. He takes out his cell phone to call for help. There is no signal.
He makes his way back to his truck, two miles away through dense forest. He drives another 15 miles before he finds a phone and calls for help.
When emergency medical personnel finally arrive, more than an hour has passed. The victim is unresponsive.
Could this tragedy have been prevented? According to emergency medical technicians, the first hour after an accident is often called the “golden hour” because it is critical. In the case of severe injuries, it could mean the difference between life and death.
If these loggers had had access to an effective communications system, emergency assistance could have been summoned right away. With a relatively small investment in technology and a simple improvement in communications, the logger’s life could have been saved.

Telenor and Inmarsat
For more than 25 years, mobile satellite communications via the Inmarsat satellite constellation and Telenor Satellite Services’ network of earth stations have provided real-time global voice and data communications for government, industry and commercial customers on land, at sea, and in the air.
Inmarsat is a leading global mobile satellite communications system. Today, this proven communications system and enabling technology continue to offer both global — and now domestic — high-speed data and voice communications, regardless of the location and existing infrastructure.
Mobile satellite communications offers solutions ranging from immediate voice communications to remote LAN and Web access, file transfer, Internet and intranet access, image transfer, e-mail, broadcast quality audio-voice; high volume data transfer, e-commerce, remote performance monitoring, and video teleconferencing. Mobile satellite communications is a valuable tool for customers in data-intensive industries such as forestry, energy exploration, construction, engineering, transportation, and the government.

Global Area Network
The Inmarsat Global Area Network (GAN), a portable global and domestic mobile satellite communications high-speed data (HSD) communications system, uses laptop-sized terminals weighing about 10 pounds. GAN integrates the corporate information technology network with a global mobile communications network. Critical, time sensitive information can now be provided at both the bandwidth and speed that government and industry require. GAN offers two powerful and highly flexible services — Mobile ISDN and Mobile Packet Data.
GAN offers the latest global and domestic MSC technology for government and industry leaders in need of reliable communications, no matter where in the world. It provides flexible, efficient communications for today’s most challenging requirements, including:

Emergency Communications and Response. Mobile satellite communications are extremely reliable and portable, providing users with high-speed data and voice communications.
• Virtually unaffected by existing terrestrial communications infrastructure and volume use.
• Equally useful in international & domestic operations.
• Terminals are laptop-sized, weighing 6-10 lbs.
• Applications include Internet access, file and data transfers, global access to LANS and WANS.
• Mobile satellite communications at speeds of 64 kbps with additional rates up to 128 kbps (with equipment stacking).
• Video and teleconferencing capabilities.
• Reliable, high quality voice calling.

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Two miners are in the shop, repairing a battery scoop. A pipe wrench is needed to complete repairs, and it is located in a pickup truck some distance away. There are explosives and detonators in the bed of the truck. One worker goes to retrieve the wrench. He starts the engine and begins driving toward the shop.
Seconds later, there is an explosion. His co-worker rushes outside and begins searching for the driver. When he finally locates him, some 40 feet away behind a small storage building, his vital signs are weak. He takes out his cellular phone to call for help. There is no signal.
He runs back to the shop. The shop phone was damaged in the explosion. He leaves the site and drives to the nearest facility, where he calls for help. When emergency medical personnel finally arrive on the scene, more than an hour has passed. The victim dies.

Communications Solutions: Tools for Safety, Security
Telenor’s mobile satellite communications provide 24-hour, two-way data communications to and from virtually anywhere in the world. The service, ideally suited for short messaging needs at a low data rate, offers an inexpensive solution for remote communications. Available for global and domestic use, the services use low-cost terminals that are small enough to be hand-carried or fitted to any vessel, vehicle or aircraft.
This system offers government and industry leaders solutions for messaging, Supervisory Control & Data Acquisition (SCADA), Homeland Security and Maritime Safety, and fleet management (land, sea and air). These same satellite communications can be used to enhance maritime port security operations and strategic asset monitoring by enabling military and civil agencies to track vessels, cargos, logistical schedules, and personnel rosters.
Messaging. Mobile satellite communications offers a variety of versatile messaging solutions for a broad range of data applications, including Internet applications (such as e-mailing), faxing, data transfers, polling and data reporting (track and manage vessels, trucks, trains and aircraft).
SCADA. Permits effective management of global operations, regardless of remote locations and environment:
• Environmental Data Monitoring: Remotely survey rainfall and temperature.
• Remote Control Data Acquisition: Collect data remotely.
• Security Controls: Measure distances traveled, lengths of stops and fuel use.
• Remote Equipment Maintenance: Monitor pipelines.
• Seismic Monitoring: Track changes in seismic activity for hazard assessment.
• Navigational Monitoring: Perform periodic checks for operations.
• Homeland Security and Maritime Safety: Mobile satellite communications are the “backbone” technology for maritime safety and search and rescue.

U.S. government agencies and military services, including the U.S. Central Command, Special Operations Command, CINCLANTFLT, CINC PACFLT, the U.S. National Guard Bureau, and FEMA are using this technology and satellite services via Telenor’s GSA/FTS contract. Mobile satellite communications offers emergency planners and response teams unfettered communications and Internet access, regardless of location, environment, and existing terrestrial infrastructure.
• Fleet Management. This technology provides a tool to manage operational performance with polling and data reporting through Internet e-mails, faxes and public telephone systems.
• Broadcast Message to the Entire Fleet. Permits data broadcast of a single message to an entire fleet of vessels, vehicles or aircraft.
• Tracking and Monitoring. Receive and send position reports to manage and track location and status of vessels, trucks, trains and aircraft.

Telenor Satellite Services
Telenor Satellite Services is one of the world’s leading providers of mobile communications services via satellite. A wholly owned subsidiary of Telenor of Norway, the company offers a full suite of global and domestic mobile satellite communications services. Telenor Satellite Services provides the latest mobile satellite communications solutions for the forestry industry, including data, high-speed data, Internet access, e-mail, fax and voice communications services to the maritime, aeronautical, and land mobile industries.
Using the worldwide network of Inmarsat satellites and Telenor’s global network of land-earth stations, Telenor Satellite Services provides services to ships at sea, emergency response teams, news­gathering organizations, exploration companies, forestry and mining businesses, international travelers, airline passengers and more.
Telenor is the largest shareholder of Inmarsat, holding approximately 15% of the private company that operates the global mobile satellites.
For additional information on Telenor’s portfolio of services, call (800) 685-7898, e-mail, or visit the Web site is www.tele­